Causes of down syndrome




Down syndrome is a genetic disorder where a child is born with one additional chromosome. Humans usually have 46 chromosomes but children suffering from Down syndrome have 47 chromosomes. This additional chromosome occurs due to incorrect cell division when the baby is in-uterus.

This condition leads to the inability to learn and function normally. Depending on the degree of the condition, there can even be physical disabilities along with learning limitations.

 

Causes of Down Syndrome

The main, immediate cause of Down syndrome is the presence of one additional chromosome.

Babies normally get 23 chromosomes from the mother and 23 chromosomes from the father. Each cell in the baby contains 23 genetic pairs of chromosomes that help the cell identify itself and grow. Sometimes one additional chromosome is passed on to the child. This additional chromosome can be passed on from either parent. In such cases the child has 47 chromosomes, leading to Down syndrome. The additional chromosome is usually an extra copy of the 21st chromosome. This condition is also known as Trisomy 21 and accounts for 95 percent of the cases in Down syndrome.

 

Common causes of Down syndrome are usually risk factors associated with the mother’s health at the time of conceiving a baby. Advanced maternal age is considered a big risk. If the mother’s age is 25 at the time of conceiving, the chances of a baby with Down syndrome are 1 in 1,250. As the mother grows older, these chances increase. At 40, her chances have increased to 1 in a 100.

 

Technology today can help identify babies and check their conditions even before they are born. If the mother is advanced in age and is pregnant, tests are often conducted to check if the baby has Down syndrome. There are no specific causes of Down syndrome during pregnancy other than the mother’s age. No activity or environment is known to trigger this condition.

Couples trying to have a baby late are usually advised to do a genetic profile to gauge the likelihood of Down syndrome.

 

A couple with one child suffering from Down syndrome has a higher likelihood of conceiving another child with Down syndrome. Either parent having the syndrome also increases the chance for the child to be born with this genetic condition.

 

There are no specific causes of Down syndrome in children other than being born with it due to an additional chromosome. This syndrome can affect the child’s quality of life and impair cognitive and physical development, depending on the severity.


Popular Posts

The Case For Casein

The Case For Casein

Case Study: Casein Protein Casein protein, like whey, comes from cow’s milk. It accounts for roughly 80% of milk’s total protein content, with whey constituting the other 20%. Casein is insoluble, which means it’s the solid protein in milk. You might hear casein referred to as calcium caseinate, which is a nod to the calcium [...]


Detail oriented you need to be

Detail oriented you need to be

If the internet has accomplished one thing, it’s making people extremely obsessive compulsive about the most minute details of their training program and diet. Arguments and flame wars erupt over the absolutely least consequential of things. How many minutes should pass between sets, how long after workout before you drink your liquid beef aminos with [...]


Training Titan Anthony Fenech’s Interview

Training Titan Anthony Fenech’s Interview

Anthony Fenech is one of the foremost trainers in Canada. Whatever your game or need – MMA, boxing, sport specific training or body recomposition, Anthony has a potent and effective solution. He has trained top level athletes in everything from football to lacrosse, and has personally competed in powerlifting, strongman and boxing. Anthony Fenech is [...]


The Registered Dietician And Holistic Health

The Registered Dietician And Holistic Health

There is a connection between holistic health and the registered dietitian. Proper eating and nutrition is definitely important for proper health. But just think about the possibilities for additional well being that can be had by adding the advice and counsel of a master herbalist to your team of health advisers! But how can you [...]


Body cardiovascular endurance

Body cardiovascular endurance

What is Cardiovascular Endurance?   This is the body’s ability to supply oxygen and blood to the muscles for long periods of time during physical activity.   Why it’s Important?   It strengthens your lungs and heart.   The purpose of the lungs is to inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide. The oxygen that the [...]


Q&A

Popular Article

  • 0
    Allergies Sufferers & Health For Asthma Allergies Sufferers & Health For Asthma

    I was shocked to learn this news and find many others articles that effect us. I decided to do more research on this matter and fo...

  • 0
    Hair loss controlling Hair loss controlling

    Many people are worried about constant hair loss and the way that it will affect their lives. Loss of hair is a natural process an...

  • 0
    Leafy greens Leafy greens

    Eating the right colour of vegetables could help you cut your risk of having a stroke, according to new research. Go green to boos...

  • 0
    For mucus in lungs cure naturally For mucus in lungs cure naturally

    When talking about mucus in the lungs, it is important to be able to identify the level at which it is going to be a problem. Firs...

  • 0
    Blastoff Bodybuilding Training System Blastoff Bodybuilding Training System

    The Blastoff training system is based on 4 waves. During a 4 week period, you will move from a heavy volume, lighter weight wave o...

No Comments

    Leave a Comment


    Refresh